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Anak Krakatau Volcano has Erupted Once Again

Anak Krakatau (Child of Krakatau) volcano in the Indonesian province of Lampung erupted on Friday, April 10 — spewing out a 200-meter-high column of ash and smoke.

Anak Krakatau maintains a mighty and sometimes menacing presence in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra, with more than 50 known periods of eruptions in almost 2,000 years.

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“PVMBG monitoring shows that the eruption continued until Saturday morning at 5:44 WIB [Western Indonesian Time],” the Head of the National Disaster Mitigation Agencies (BNPB) data, information and communication center, Agus Wibowo, said in a statement on Saturday.

The Center for Volcanology and Geological Disaster Mitigation’s (PVMBG) magma volcanic activity report said that the first eruption lasted one minute and 12 seconds starting at 9:58 p.m.

The second eruption followed at 10:35 p.m. that lasted for 38 minutes and 4 seconds, spewing out a 500-meter-high column of ash that blew to the north.

Violent Puffs from Krakatau featured image
Violent puff from Krakatau (eathobservatory.nasa.gov)

Rumbles from the eruption could be heard from miles around, as a resident activity has come to a standstill due to the coronavirus pandemic.

According to the April 11 statement from PVMBG, the hazards from the volcano’s recent activity included fountains of lava, lava flows, and ash rain within a radius of 2 kilometers around the crater. Thinner ash rain could extend even farther from the depending on the strength of winds. Still, the alert level remained at two on a scale of one (low) to four (high).

“The BPBD contacted the Anak Krakatau observation team. They said that the status was still at ‘alert’ and that the volcanic activity had stopped, so the residents were advised not to panic,” Agus said.

In 1883, Krakatau volcano erupted in one of the biggest blasts in recorded history, killing more than 36,000 people in a series of tsunamis and lowering the global surface temperature by 1 degree Celsius with its ash. Anak Krakatau is the island that emerged from the area in 1927 and has been growing ever since.

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